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Revista de Etologia

Print version ISSN 1517-2805On-line version ISSN 2175-3636


MAGRINI, Leandro  and  OLIVEIRA, Elisabeth Spinelli De. Ethology in Brazil (II): Master Theses from 2010 to 2014. Rev. etol. [online]. 2015, vol.14, n.2, pp. 1-67. ISSN 1517-2805.

Presently the number of Master Theses issued during five years was evaluated aiming to complete the surveillance regarding the academic production of Ethology in Brazil. Sites, links and publications related to universities and research Institutions were assessed using keywords (e.g. ethology and animal behavior). Data were organized according to authorship, gender, institution, topic, and main taxonomic group. We found 531 Master Theses, 106±15/year; the majority earned at public universities state funded. Authorship is numerically more feminine (61%) than masculine (39%), a result already observed when doctoral dissertations were studied. The Southeast (52%) and the Northeast (23%) regions are responsible for 75% of the dissertations; the majority of the Federative Units (21 of 27) are regularly represented, a number larger than for doctorate dissertations. Institutions of São Paulo State are responsible for 28% of total. The other main states are Minas Gerais with 15% of theses, Rio Grande do Norte with 9%, and Bahia, Paraná and Rio de Janeiro with 7% each. The main topics are Behavioral Ecology (37% of total) and Applied Ethology (27%). Other topics, such as Cognition, Communication, Behavioral Evolution, Neuroethology, Evolutionary Psychology and Behavioral Theory are numerically more represented here than in the previous study regarding Doctorate Theses. The diversity of the Brazilian fauna is represented by at least 203 species, comprising 70 families and 29 orders of Vertebrata, and 39 families and 13 orders of Arthropoda. Vertebrata is the major subject (413 dissertations, 78% of total): Mammalia correspond to 54% of total, Amphibia to 8%, Aves and Actinopterygii correspond to 7% of total each. Insecta is the subject of 14% of dissertations; Arachnida and Malacrostraca complete the Arthropoda group. Our data confirm the important presence of women working with Ethology. It is also possible to observe the expressive presence of Ethology in States and regions beyond the Southeast boundaries and we acknowledge an expressive number of taxa being studied. The Instituto de Psicologia da Universidade de São Paulo contributes significantly to qualify Masters in Ethology, but its presence is less important than the role it plays regarding Doctorate Programs. Well succeeded Master Programs are a pre condition to consolidation of Doctorate Programs so we are quite optimistic regarding the future of Ethology in Brazil. Ultimately, we hope the present data can help future planning aiming further expansion of animal behavior studies, even when a substantial governmental financial cutback is foreseen.

Keywords : Topics of animal behavior; Animal behavior at Higher Education Institutions; Dissertations. 2010-2014; Gender and Authorship.

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