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Revista Mal Estar e Subjetividade

versão impressa ISSN 1518-6148versão On-line ISSN 2175-3644


OLIVEIRA, Daniella Coelho de. O texto freudiano como analisador da cultura: uma resposta aos discursos totalizantes da ciência e da religião. Rev. Mal-Estar Subj. [online]. 2002, vol.2, n.2, pp. 123-144. ISSN 1518-6148.

The present study examines the Freudian cultural work, especially his writings on moral, religion, the discourse on science, and war, arguing about their efficacy as instruments of analysis of the modern cultural events. Along these lines, it signalizes the human condition described in psychoanalysis and the antagonism pertaining to the individual's encounter with culture, reconstituting the criticism to the ideals of plenitude and wellbeing, which are disseminated by the religious institution and radically confirmed through the discourse on science. Thus, it argues about the rise of scientific knowledge as being the exclusive form of access to truth and the vision of man that emerges from this knowledge when it offers him a technological and technical arsenal as the means for him to reach absolute power and satisfaction. Against the naïve promise of a happiness without tensions that these ideals present, the study refers to the uneasiness that is immanent to the psychoanalytic proposition of subject. It chooses to analyze war as a cultural event that reaffirms the destructive force of the "death impulse" and points to the tragic character of analytical knowledge. The reflection allows for an instigating reading of the modern cultural scenario, ending by demonstrating the critical power of the ethical proposition engendered by psychoanalysis and pointing to the pertinence of this theoretical apparatus as an instrument for analyzing the social facts that are in process in the modern world.

Palavras-chave : psychoanalysis; culture; religion; science; segregation; morality.

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