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Revista Mal Estar e Subjetividade

versão impressa ISSN 1518-6148versão On-line ISSN 2175-3644


CHAVES, Wilson Camilo  e  NANI, Rita Helena Gonçalves. Considerações a respeito da concepção de religião nos textos freudianos "O futuro de uma ilusão" e "O mal-estar na cultura". Rev. Mal-Estar Subj. [online]. 2008, vol.8, n.2, pp. 453-473. ISSN 1518-6148.

This paper aims to elucidating the religion concept in the Freudian texts The Future of an Illusion (1927) and Civilization and its Discontents (1929-30). This work may be justifiable if taken into account the premise - which has become a commonplace - that, in Freud's view, religions is nothing but an illusion, something close to the adjective "opium", given to it by Karl Marx. Man becomes psychically dependent on his faiths in such a way that he is not able to carry on without owning a religious base. Freud ascertains in The Future of an Illusion that religions are mere illusions as they come from human desire. As illusions that do not take part in science's objects, are not susceptible to questionings concerning their authenticity. In Civilization and its Discontents Freud attempts to understand the origin of the oceanic feeling which is inherent to the religiosity. He elaborates the hypothesis that it could be an extension of ego's primary feeling. According to Freud, religious feeling expresses an intense urge that could be a " re-edition " of the sense of abandonment experienced in childhood. That is, it could be the re-edition of the necessity of a father's protection experienced in childhood against destiny's superior power. In conclusion, in both texts religion is regarded as one of human desire's expressions, hence its illusive character. Its strength lies in the fact that is a source of intense need for seeking the Father, as a repetition of child's condition of abandonment.

Palavras-chave : religion; freudian theory; re-edition of childhood's sense of abandonment; illusion; Psychoanalysis.

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