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Revista Mal Estar e Subjetividade

versión impresa ISSN 1518-6148


CORREA, Cristia Rosineiri Gonçalves Lopes. O temor na tragédia. Rev. Mal-Estar Subj. [online]. 2010, vol.10, n.1, pp. 167-189. ISSN 1518-6148.

This article argues that an essential characteristic of tragedy, in spite of its deviations and time resumptions, can be found from a psychoanalytic perspective which, with Jaques Lacan, claims that the vehicle for the truth of the subject's desire can be found within the core of the tragic spirit, which is revealed through the tragedy in its pure sense, purified from all imaginary order by means of the purge of passions of fear and pity, about which Aristotle speaks. The article investigates what the purification of fear in tragedy is all about. For this approach, we work with Sophocles' tragedy, Antigone, since it is in the comments on this play, in Lacan's lecture of 1959-60, The Psychoanalysis' Ethics that we can find a significant approach to the problematics of fear in this tragedy. In his lecture on The Psychoses, some years before his comment on Antigone, Lacan leaves us another significant element as a legacy. When he talks about courage and fear from Jean Racine's tragedy Atalia, this element would explain what fear in Antigone would be. In this sense, this article approaches the aforementioned tragedy, even without the dimension of the approach to the tragedy of Antigone for it is the basic line of thinking of this article. It is also argued that the approach to fear in Antigone must be thought of from the approach to fear in Atalia and, in this direction, the importance of the notion of authority in this problematic is verified.

Palabras clave : Fear; Law; Castration; Desire; Lacan.

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