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Revista Mal Estar e Subjetividade

versão impressa ISSN 1518-6148


PESTANA, José Vicente; CODINA, Nuria  e  GIL-GIMENEZ, Alejandro. El tiempo libre como heurístico del self: una metodología para el análisis de la complejidad del sujeto. Rev. Mal-Estar Subj. [online]. 2010, vol.10, n.3, pp. 707-731. ISSN 1518-6148.

Both leisure and free time activities have been considered important for self development as a psychosocial process (among others, Csikszentmihalyi & Kleiber, 1991; Cuenca, 2008a; Grossman & O'Connell, 2000; Kleiber, 1999; Munné & Codina, 1996, 2002; Wearing & Wearing, 1992). Putting into evidence the processes derived from the relationship between leisure/free time activities and self has been the purpose of the Sequential Qualitative Methodology (SQM; Codina, 1999, 2005a & b). This methodological strategy has made possible to show the complexity among free time, self and their relationships (Codina, 2004a & b; Codina & Pestana, 2008; Pestana, 2007; Pestana & Codina, 2005). As an example of the SQM potential of explanation, this contribution offers an empirical approximation to the self, based on M. M. Bakhtin's dialogical perspective (1961/2003a, 1974/2003b), and the complex aspects (non-linearity, fractality and fuzziness) described by F. Munné (1997a, 2000) in his model of the self. Empirical research about both Bakhtin and Munné proposals makes possible apprehending the relationships between a person's development and a free behavior. In a more general sense, the SQM contributes to underline the significance of freedom and selfhood in analyzing the contemporary subject.

Palavras-chave : Free time; Leisure; Self; Sequential qualitative methodology; Paradigm of complexity.

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