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Revista Mal Estar e Subjetividade

versão impressa ISSN 1518-6148


GERMANO, Idilva  e  BESSA, Letícia Leite. Pesquisas narrativo-dialógicas no contexto de conflito com a lei: considerações sobre uma entrevista com jovem autora de infração. Rev. Mal-Estar Subj. [online]. 2010, vol.10, n.3, pp. 995-1033. ISSN 1518-6148.

This paper discusses the concepts of dialogism and polyphony as developed by Bakhtin in his literary studies as well as some formulations inspired by his works which are applied to human sciences research, especially to psychology. The aim is to outline the dialogical perspective on the polyphonic novel (Bakhtin, 1936/2008) and in the context of studies on self and narrative identity (Hermans, 1996, 2001), and discuss their implications for the understanding of the autobiographic narrative of a young woman who has undergone judicial measures due to conflict with the law. In the narrative analysis, we identified the effects of meaning produced in the interaction between interviewer and interviewee and the narrator's personal position repertoire. It was observed that the use of Narrative Interview (Schütze, 1992), which recommends the interviewer to avoid direct questions, resulted in an interchange marked simultaneously by cooperation and conflict, that may be understood by dialogical theory. As an asymmetrical inter-subjective space the interview process revealed coping and power negotiation strategies; the interviewee protested against the interview's rules, asked for direct questions and suggested alteration of the rules insisting on a more conventional type of interview. Composing this interaction space were observed the narration's macro-contexts: voices from institutions responsible for delinquent youth, family voices, self affirmative voices of peers involved in infractions, voices of self reprehension and so on. In terms of self narrative construction her account revealed contradictions and inconsistencies of I-positions throughout the interaction. In her self presentation can be heard personal and collective voices of relatives, judges, social workers, psychologists and other characters with whom she maintained dialogue in her task of making herself comprehensible for her listener and intimately for herself.

Palavras-chave : Dialogism; Polyphony; Dialogical self; Interview; Young offenders.

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