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Revista Mal Estar e Subjetividade

versão impressa ISSN 1518-6148


TOREZAN, Zeila C. Facci  e  AGUIAR, Fernando. The subject of psychoanalysis: particularities in contemporaneity. Rev. Mal-Estar Subj. [online]. 2011, vol.11, n.2, pp. 525-554. ISSN 1518-6148.

This article aims to define Subject and subjectivity, according to Freud and Lacan theories, and to discuss some particularities present in modes of subjectification and their effects on human existence, illness and social relationships in contemporaneity. In sum, for psychoanalysis, the subjective is defined by a division of two orders of function, related to the Conscious and to the Unconscious. The Subject of the psychoanalysis is the Subject of desire, delineated by Freud through the notion of Unconscious, marked and moved by the fault, different of the biological being and of the Subject of philosophy conscious. This Subject is constituted by his insertion in a symbolic order that comes before him, crossed by the language, tacked by the Other's desire and mediated by a Third One. In contemporaneity, it is possible to evidence a commotion in this notion of Subject of desire proposed by psychoanalysis. So that, we have a Subject that is at the mercy of an Other not so much interdicted, not so much marked by the symbolic fault and, therefore, imaginarily possible to be completed, making the Subject susceptible of turning in an Object. Apathy, alienation and angst are common traces where the fault is not installed in an effective way, putting in question the status of the Subject of desire. Immersed in an apologetic discourse of a supposed complete happiness brought by the scientific knowledge, knowledge which aims to surpass all and any limit and meet all and any fault, the decline of the Castration Law becomes evident and produces transgressors and delirious conducts and acts.

Palavras-chave : Subjectivity; actuality; borderline; Freud; Lacan.

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