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Revista Mal Estar e Subjetividade

Print version ISSN 1518-6148


RABELO, Fabiano Chagas; PEREIRA, Gustavo Freitas  and  FURTADO, Luis Achilles Rodrigues. Some considerations about the subject and time from Borges short story The Other. Rev. Mal-Estar Subj. [online]. 2011, vol.11, n.3, pp. 1055-1082. ISSN 1518-6148.

This paper presents the results of a bibliographic study that makes an interlocution between psychoanalysis and literature. Referring to Borges's story The Other, we investigate the treatment that is given by the author to normal psychological phenomena such as the dream, the strange, the déjà vu (already-seen), the déjà reconte (already-recognized), the déjà expérimenté (already-experienced) and the paramnesias. We recognize in the work of Borges a rich field where the psychoanalyst has much to learn, since the author is guided in his process of creating by the psychic manifestations that reveal the inconsistency of ego's identifications (depersonalization) and the apprehension of reality (derealization). Thus, the exercise of remembering transforms from a simple reproduction of a supposed objectified reality to an aesthetic invention in its broadest sense. With that, the dream emerges as a paradigm of an "other scene" beyond the shared reality, where the truth of the subject inhabits. We found that use of paraphrase in Borges points to the functioning of the unconscious, once it follows the determination of the subject by the network of signifiers of the discourse of the Other. We argue that the enigma in the story has a function analogous to psychoanalytic interpretation, since it produces a subjective reordering by a treatment of the real. We highlight in the unfolding of the story the effort to treat the real by the symbolic through a well-say that mobilizes the utterance from the sayings and that produces a gradual stripping of the identificatory insignia. This work has a peculiar temporality: it is a cyclical time, interspersed, incomplete, non-linear and ephemeral, which operates retroactively. The outcome of the story, which takes place with the presentation of a cipher, urges us to think that well-say does not mean say everything.

Keywords : Unconscious; time; other scene; dream; remembering.

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