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Cadernos de Pós-Graduação em Distúrbios do Desenvolvimento

Print version ISSN 1519-0307On-line version ISSN 1809-4139


ANDREOLI, Mariana De Araújo; OLIVEIRA, Thaís Cabral De  and  FONTELES, Daniel Sá Roriz. An outlook of behavioral interventions to treat stress and anxiety in athletes: literature review. Cad. Pós-Grad. Distúrb. Desenvolv. [online]. 2020, vol.20, n.1, pp. 85-115. ISSN 1519-0307.

Sports in contemporaneity have been gaining more and more importance and visibility, mainly for valuing the physical and intellectual effort made by high-performance athletes in its various categories. These athletes often face stress and anxiety before performing their duties. The objective of this study was to describe the factors that elicit these emotional reactions, present instruments used for the evaluation and diagnosis of these reactions in athletes, and present psychological and/or behavioral interventions that were used. A review of scientific articles published in Brazilian journals was carried out, including empirical and review studies published from year 2010 up to year 2017 on stress and anxiety situations in athletes. The theoretical reference used for the discussion of the subject was the analysis behavior and radical behaviorism. As a result, all background, evaluation tools and interventions were analyzed. Finally, some interventions presented in the literature are described as effective, but without empirical data collected so far in Brazil. It is concluded that when the competitive sport is allied to the well-being of athletes, they will present better performance. The role of the psychologist, in this context, should pursuit the development of self-consciousness, self-confidence and emotional intelligence.

Keywords : Sport psychology; Behavior; Stress; Anxiety; Performance.

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