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Cadernos de Pós-Graduação em Distúrbios do Desenvolvimento

Print version ISSN 1519-0307On-line version ISSN 1809-4139


QUEDAS, Carolina Lourenço Reis; MENDES, Eduardo Henrique  and  TOLEDO, Tiago Barbosa. Prevalência de excesso de peso e obesidade em pessoas com transtorno do espectro autista: uma revisão bibliográficaPrevalence of overweight and obesity in people with autism spectrum disorder: a bibliographic reviewPrevalencia de sobrepeso y obesidad en personas con trastorno del espectro autista: una revisión bibliográfica. Cad. Pós-Grad. Distúrb. Desenvolv. [online]. 2020, vol.20, n.2, pp. 123-137. ISSN 1519-0307.

Obesity and excessive weight gain have been a public health problem in many countries and some researches point out that obesity is the second leading cause of preventable deaths in the United States, second only to smoking. Many studies point out that physical inactivity, deficits in social interaction, sedentary behavior, are related to the increased risk of obesity and excessive weight gain in people with autism spectrum disorder. The aim of this study was to survey and analyze articles on the prevalence and factors that may contribute to obesity, and weight gain in people with autism spectrum disorder through the PubMed and Bireme database. The method used was qualitative-descriptive, using specific descriptors autism and obesity and overweight and autism. There were 396 articles published between 2018 and 2020. Of this total, 5 were in the inclusion criteria of this study. The conclusion of this study was that individuals with autism have a higher risk of obesity and excessive weight gain in relation to the neurotypic population and several causes listed as physical inactivity and lack of nutritional knowledge are important factors for the installation of a condition that can cause problems chronic diseases and loss of quality of life.

Keywords : Autism; Obesity; Autism spectrum disorder; Overweight; Physical inactivity.

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