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Cadernos de Pós-Graduação em Distúrbios do Desenvolvimento

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MENEZES, Raíssa Torres de; AMORIM, Ana Rita Avelino  and  BLASCOVI-ASSIS, Silvana Maria. Physical activity and leisure in Down syndrome: an integrative review. Cad. Pós-Grad. Distúrb. Desenvolv. [online]. 2021, vol.21, n.1, pp. 144-165. ISSN 1519-0307.

INTRODUCTION: Down syndrome (DS) is the most common form of chromosomal abnormality in humans and is associated with intellectual and physiological deficiencies. Physical activity is a resource used to minimize changes in DS. The levels of physical activity practiced by adults with DS are low in relation to the typical population, predisposing them to obesity and other chronic diseases. In addition, there is a number of facilitators and barriers that cooperate for the regular practice of physical activity and leisure, such as family support, therapeutic approaches, social opportunities and the physiological characteristics present in DS. OBJECTIVE: to analyze scientific evidence on physical activity and leisure in Down syndrome, through bibliographic survey. METHOD: in this integrative review, scientific articles indexed in the Scientific Electronic Library Online (Scielo), Literatura Latino-Americana e do Caribe em Ciências da Saúde (Lilacs), Cochrane Library, PEDro, PubMed and Periódicos Eletrônicos de Psicologia (Pepsic) databases of the type randomized clinical trials, written in Portuguese and English between 2010 and 2020, were included. RESULT: 1,237 articles were found in the searches. In the screening by title and abstract, 1,227 articles were excluded, ten of which were selected for full reading and inclusion in this review. The selected articles were grouped into: a) correlation between physical activity and DS and b) correlation between leisure and DS. CONCLUSION: few articles address the themes studied in this research, however, the literature shows that there is low engagement of this population in the practice of physical activity and low incentive to engage in leisure activities.

Keywords : Down syndrome; Physical activities; Leisure; Quality of life; Adult.

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