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Revista Psicologia Política

versão On-line ISSN 2175-1390


ROTTENBACHER, Jan Marc; ESPINOSA, Agustín  e  MANUEL MAGALLANES, José. Analyzing prejudice: ideological basis of racism, sexism and homophobia in a sample of inhabitants of the city of Lima - Perú. Rev. psicol. polít. [online]. 2011, vol.11, n.22, pp. 225-246. ISSN 2175-1390.

This study analyzes the relationship between political ideology and different expressions of prejudice in a sample of inhabitants of the city of Lima (N = 199). The variables studied are: intolerance of uncertainty and ambiguity, the Left/Right Position, Right-Wing Authoritarianism (RWA), Social Dominance Orientation (SDO), Homophobia, Ambivalent Sexism and Prejudice toward ethnic minorities. Two structural equation models were proposed. One of them showed a better degree of fit and suggests that intolerance of uncertainty and ambiguity influences RWA and SDO. Also RWA and SDO influence the various forms of prejudice. However, RWA has a better predictive capability with respect to the diverse forms of prejudice in contrast to SDO. The final discussion proposes that is reasonable to use in Perú a multidimensional ideological approach, and the theoretical proposal of conservatism as motivated social cognition, to understand prejudice and negative stereotyping toward threatening or low-status groups. Individuals with greater tendency toward right-wing authoritarianism and conservatism tend to perceive these groups as threats to traditionally established social order.

Palavras-chave : Prejudice; Political ideology; Authoritarianism; Social dominance; Conservatism.

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