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Revista Psicologia Política

versão impressa ISSN 1519-549X


ARNOSO, Maitane  e  COSTA, Silvia da. Attitudes towards past collective violence and transitional justice procedures in Uruguay. Rev. psicol. polít. [online]. 2015, vol.15, n.32, pp. 185-201. ISSN 1519-549X.

A Military Putsch in 27 June 1973, when JM Bordaberry was President, impose a civic-army dictatorship until the year 1985. This period in Uruguay was characterized by political parties and trade unions ban, as well as mass media control, imprisonment, persecution and execution of political dissidents. Transitional justice procedures were performed with democracy's return. This article analyzes in a general population sample (N = 712) the information about the dictatorial past, emotions, social sharing and perceived efficacy of transitional justice procedures. Results show that a high reported level of information by respect to the past coexist with a low level of social sharing, low emotional feelings by respect to the past and low information and low perceived efficacy of transitional justice procedures. Victims of the dictatorship or person affected by State terrorism report higher levels of social sharing, inhibition and emotional reactions by respect to the past. People affected by political repression also perceives higher efficacy of transitional justice procedures and show a more critical appraisal of President Mujica apologies by respect to the role of the State in the past repression.

Palavras-chave : Uruguay; Dictatorship; Transitional Justice; Truth Comissions; Apologies.

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