Revista de Investigación en Psicología
On-line version ISSN 1609-7475
MATALINARES C., María et al. Lenguaje comprensivo y memoria auditiva inmediata en estudiantes de 5.° y 6.° grado de primaria de zona rural y urbana de Lima. Rev. Investig. Psicol. (Online) [online]. 2007, vol.10, n.2, pp. 71-83. ISSN 1609-7475.
This research had as propose establish if it existed or no relationship between Comprehensive Language and Immediate Auditory Memory in Primary School Pupils of the 5 th and 6 th Grades of rural and urban zones from Lima. It is tested to 230 pupils of Primary Schools of 5th and 6th Grades, female and male, whose ages fiuctuated between 9 and 12 years oíd, and they had carne from several state management's educational institutions, of rural and urban zones from Lima, to those who are tested them with Woodcock Language Proficiency Battery - Spanish Form (WLPB), adapted by Tapia (1998) and Cordero Immediate Auditory Memory Test adapted by Dioses (2002). In the processing of results by Square Chi it is founded a correlation between Comprehensive Language and Immediate Auditory Memory variables, these dates with Mann-Withney U Test showed highly significant differences in Comprehensive Language based on the residence places; pupils coming from the urban zone obtained better results in almost all subtests, in comparison with the pupils of rural zone. It has had highly significant differences in Immediate Auditory Memory as residence places too, pupils had carne from urban zone obtained better results in a global Immediate Auditory Memory and numeric and associative memory than pupils carne from rural zone; there is not been significant differences about Lógical memory, because pupils from rural and urban zones answered in a similar form. Comprehensive Language among pupils was different as sex. The women obtained better results than men in the subtest of word analysis, and they are not been significant differences between men and women in immediate auditory memory. Finally, there are been significant differences in the Comprehensive Language and Immediate Auditory Memory based on the educational grades, pupils in 6th Grade had better results in Comprehensive Language and Immediate Auditory Memory than pupils in 5th Grade.
Keywords : Comprehensive language; Memory; Childrens; Woodcock language proficiency battery; Spanish form (WLPB).