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Universitas Psychologica

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HOLGUIN, Lyda et al. Treatment compliance in arterial hypertension: efficacy a biopsychosocial intervention program. Univ. Psychol. [online]. 2006, vol.5, n.3, pp. 535-548. ISSN 1657-9267.

The purpose of the study was to determine the effectiveness of a biopsychosocial intervention program to reduce blood pressure levels and to improve adherence to treatment in patients diagnosed with Hypertension. The study was a quasi-experimental, with transversal design, and intragroup analysis for pre-post intervention. The sample was composed of 44 hypertension patients, without any other chronic illness and/or without diagnostic of psychiatric illness, atended at a Health Care Service from Cali, Colombia. Systolic (SBP) and Diastolic (DBP) blood pressure levels were registered by the health staff. A statistically significant reduction in SBD levels was found, DBP remained the same but stayed in controlled levels. The post-intervention changes in adherence to treatment were significant statistically (p = 0.000; n.c. 95%), 86,6% ended in a high level of adherence, and 11,4% ended in the middle level.

Keywords : Adherence to Treatment; Arterial Hypertension; Biopsychosocial Intervention Program.

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