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Avaliação Psicológica

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MARTINELLI, Selma de Cássia  and  SISTO, Fermino Fernandes. Motivação de estudantes: um estudo com crianças do ensino fundamental: Motivation of students: a study with elementary school children. Aval. psicol. [online]. 2010, vol.9, n.3, pp. 413-420. ISSN 1677-0471.

This study pursued to investigate the academic motivational orientations among children in elementary school in the 3rd. Grade (36%), 4th. grade (19,1%) and 5th. Grade (44,9%) enrolled in six schools in Brazil. Participants consisted of 617 boys and girls, ages 7 to 13 years, who were 9 years old (SD = 1,112) in average, from which 326 (52,8%) were girls and 291 (47,2%) were boys. The participants were asked to answer according to the Scale of Intrinsic vs. Extrinsic Motivation, that measures the intrinsic and extrinsic motivation and consists of 20 questions, 10 of them referring to intrinsic and 10 to extrinsic motivation. The participants were asked to mark down the frequency of each assertive in the 3-point scale with the likert format. The total possible score was 20 points in the intrinsic motivation scale and 20 in the extrinsic one. Significant differences involving the intrinsic motivation (F = 5,775 p =0,003) and the extrinsic motivation (F = 24,927 p < 0,001) and the general motivation ( F= 33,336 p < 0,001) were found among the grades. The results showed that, in general, the participants of the third year had higher scores on motivation when compared to students in forth and fifth grade.

Keywords : Academic performance; Academic intrinsic motivation; Academic extrinsic motivation; School failure; Primary education.

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