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Avaliação Psicológica

Print version ISSN 1677-0471On-line version ISSN 2175-3431


CARVALHO, Hudson W. de et al. Defensive style questionnaire: psychometrical evaluation and construct reset. Aval. psicol. [online]. 2012, vol.11, n.2, pp. 169-179. ISSN 1677-0471.

Due to the epistemological irreducibility between Psychometrics and Psychoanalysis we reject the hypothesis that the Defensive Style Questionnaire assesses ego defense mechanisms. To identify the constructs assessed by the Defensive Style Questionnaire we delineated an exploratory psychometrical work. In the current research, participated responding the Defensive Style Questionnaire and the Composite International Diagnostic Interview a representative sample of the São Paulo State prisoner population of 1775 individuals. Analyses were characterized by item selection, factor analysis, internal consistency analysis, correlations and t-tests. Results downsized the number of items from 78 to 23 and reveled four oblique factors with acceptable consistency for three and insufficient for the fourth factor. Significant associations were found between the second factor and drug addiction and among the first and third factors and cognitive deficit. The instrument seems to assess a non-pathological dimension of mental distress and three affective coping dimensions; nevertheless, there is no support for its clinical application.

Keywords : defensive style questionnaire; psychometric; psychoanalysis; critical rationalism.

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