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Avaliação Psicológica

On-line version ISSN 2175-3431


TENTES, Vanessa Terezinha Alves  and  FLEITH, Denise de Souza. School, family and personal characteristics: a comparative study between gifted and gifted underachievers. Aval. psicol. [online]. 2014, vol.13, n.1, pp. 77-85. ISSN 2175-3431 .

This study investigated differences between 53 gifted and 43 underachiever gifted students, males and females, in relation to intelligence, creativity, learning motivation, self-concept, school performance, and parental attitudes. Tests of intelligence, creative thinking, and academic performance were used, as well as scales of personal and academic characteristics, motivation, self-concept and parental attitudes. The multivariate analysis of variance was employed. The results indicated that gifted students had superior scores on intelligence, total and verbal creativity, self-concept, and school performance measures. On the other hand, the underachievers had higher performance on extrinsic motivation. With respect to gender, the results pointed significant differences favoring male students in the intelligence test, and female students regarding verbal creativity, intrinsic motivation, self-concept, and school performance measures. No differences were noted related to parental attitudes. The recognition of underachiever gifted students has implications concerning the characterization of gifted persons and the criteria used for their identification.

Keywords : giftedness; school performance; underachievement; intelligence; creativity.

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