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Avaliação Psicológica

Print version ISSN 1677-0471


HISATUGO, Carla Luciano Codani  and  YAZIGI, Latife. An exploratory study in patients with depression by the Rorschach Comprehensive System. Aval. psicol. [online]. 2014, vol.13, n.2, pp. 157-166. ISSN 1677-0471.

An exploratory study was conducted in patients diagnosed with depression. Seventy-nine adults participated characterized as: G1, unipolar depressive (n=38); G2, with depressive cognitive slips (n=25), and G3, nondepressed with mental disorders (n=16). A descriptive and comparative analysis between groups considered Rorschach variables: production capacity, R; focus of attention, lambda; EB style and the Depression Index, DEPI. The Structured Clinical Interview for DSM, SCID-I and II was used for the assessment of the sample. Means of R were: G1=24.0, G2=20.0, G3=26.0. Averages for Lambda: G1=0.96, G2=1.21, G3=1.10. The EB ambigual type prevailed in all the groups. Differences in DEPI for G1 were: shaded view [FV+VF+V>0], p=0.016; achromatic color [SumC’>2], p=0.009, and egocentricity index [EGO<.33], p=0,0002. The data indicated negative self-criticism, low selfesteem and suffering higher in the group of unipolar depressive. The depression with cognitive slips showed more restricted focus of attention. All groups demonstrated adequate production capacity, however chronic limitation of adaptive skills.

Keywords : depression; psychological assessment; rorschach test.

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