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Avaliação Psicológica

Print version ISSN 1677-0471On-line version ISSN 2175-3431


TEIXEIRA, Karen Cristine; NUNES, Carlos Henrique Sancineto da Silva  and  CRUZ, Roberto Moraes. Psychometric studies on anxiety instruments in the sporting context: a systematic review. Aval. psicol. [online]. 2016, vol.15, n.3, pp. 362-370. ISSN 1677-0471.

This article aimed to map and describe scientific studies on the evidences of validity of instruments to assess anxiety within the context of sporting competitions. Studies in full text and with no restrictions regarding its year of publication or language were retrieved. Data were collected from ScienceDirect, PubMed, BVS-Psi, Taylor & Francis, APA, SciELO, SPORTDiscus, and Web of Science, by using the descriptors [anxiety AND sport AND (validity OR reliability OR measure OR instrument OR scale OR psychometrics)], in English and Portuguese. After applying the exclusion criteria and excluding duplicated studies, 16 articles remained for review. The reviewed studies have mainly used validity evidence based on the instrument’s internal consistency, with the application of factor analysis. Of the total studies reviewed, only four gathered evidence of validity based on the instrument’s content, while eight studies were based on evidence in relation to other variables. It is necessary to improve the studies regarding the diversity of sources of evidences, and to provide the rationale used for the decision-making process of the procedures and results.

Keywords : anxiety; sports; psychometrics; measurement; test validity.

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