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Avaliação Psicológica

Print version ISSN 1677-0471On-line version ISSN 2175-3431


ALCKMIN-CARVALHO, Felipe et al. Effects of alarm treatment for enuresis on children's self-concept. Aval. psicol. [online]. 2017, vol.16, n.4, pp. 397-404. ISSN 1677-0471.

The objective of the study was to evaluate the efficacy of enuresis alarm therapy, performed at a distance, and to evaluate the effects of the intervention on the participants'self-concept. This is a clinical trial with a quasi-experimental group design. Thirty-one children with mono-symptomatic primary enuresis participated (M(age) = 8.3, SD = 1.3), 15 boys (48.3%). Assessments were made using the Enuresis Evaluation Form; Child-Juvenile Self-Concept Scale; and the Parents' Guide, for treatment instructions. Treatment success rate was 71%. There was a statistically significant difference in the variation of the personal self-concept before and after intervention (M = 4.8, SD = 1.9; vs M = 6.1, SD = 1.9; p = 0.01), regardless of the outcome (M = 9.8, SD = 1.9 vs M = 0.5, SD = 1.5; p = 0.03), and differences in the social self-concept among the means of children who had successful treatment (M = 9.8, SD = 1.9 vs M = 0.5, DP = 1.5; p = 0.03). The proposed enuresis treatment is feasible and effective, and positively impacted the self-concept of the children evaluated.

Keywords : enuresis; bedwetting; alarm therapy; behavioral treatment; clinical trial; self-concept.

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