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Psicologia em Revista

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CARRETERO, Gustavo Henrique. Alterations in the individuals formation in the transition of liberal capitalism to monopoly capitalism: the anachronism of freudian psychoanalysis in the light of the critical theory of society. Psicol. rev. (Belo Horizonte) [online]. 2018, vol.24, n.2, pp. 638-654. ISSN 1677-1168.

The theoretical framework of this paper is the critical theory of society proposed by the first generation of the Frankfurt School, especially the contributions of T. W. Adorno and H. Marcuse. It aims to discuss the changes in the formation of the individual in the transition of liberal capitalism into monopoly capitalism. Therefore, Freudian psychoanalysis is used as a tool to illustrate the way profound economic, social and cultural changes affected the formation of the individual pointing to their weakening, favoring the adhesion to movements of masses and totalitarianism. The anachronism of psychoanalysis, therefore, does not refer to the aging of this theory, despite its ideological elements, but it shows how progress has turned into regression in the capitalism transformations.

Keywords : Formation of the individual; Liberal capitalism; Monopoly capitalism; Psychoanalysis; Critical theory of society.

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