On-line version ISSN 1678-5177
ROSSETTI-FERREIRA, Maria Clotilde; AMORIM, Katia de Souza and OLIVEIRA, Zilma de Moraes Ramos de. Looking at children and their others: a research history on early childhood education. Psicol. USP [online]. 2009, vol.20, n.3, pp. 437-464. ISSN 1678-5177.
Aiming to contribute to the current and intense process of revision of conceptions and educational practices mediating learning and development of young children in day care centers and pre-schools, and based on our research experiences at CINDEDI, this paper approaches several questions which, in our view, are relevant for the understanding of collective education. How does developmental research contribute to this discussion? What conceptions about development is it based on? Which methodological perspectives are more promising for the comprehension of the ways children and their teachers act and change with their experiences? How to understand notions such as developmental stages, teachers role in the learning process, factors explaining infant development and developmental evaluations in infancy? Both family and childcare professionals interact with the child and organize his/her environment according to their expectations about his/her development and their own role in this process. These expectations are built through their life experiences in their particular culture. Many expectations, beliefs and psychological theories have, thus, a strong self-fulfilling power, helping to build competencies and deficiencies. Children and the professional staff of Child Education institutions have undoubtedly much to gain from reflecting on these questions.
Keywords : Child education; Conceptions on development; Child-child interaction; Network of meanings.