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FELIZARDO, Jéssica Tatiane  and  OLIVEIRA, José Luiz de. Analyses of Hannah Arendt about the concentration camps and its relations with the "brazilian holocaust". Mental [online]. 2017, vol.11, n.21, pp. 431-444. ISSN 1679-4427.

This paper aims to focus on Hannah Arendt's reflections on the concentration camps and their relations with the "Brazilian Holocaust". Arendt tried to understand the demands of the political history of her time, marked by the Nazis and Stalinist totalitarianisms and by the subsequent happenings. Her work presents itself with a great reach and has uncountable repercussions nowadays. In her reflection, the author emphasizes that the concentration camps are considered the achievement of the totalitarians regimes, in which the objective is the consolidation and the total domination over the other. The journalist Daniela Arbex recovers the history of madness in her book, Holocausto Brasileiro (2013). She stated that Basaglia, a well-known theorist of psychiatry, fought severely to put an end to the asylums and to guarantee the freedom of mentally ill people. Moreover, he has already been in the Colônia Psychiatric Hospital, in Barbacena. Because of this, in his report, we observe a comparison between the hospital's situation and the Nazis concentration camp. We realize that vis-à-vis the Psychiatric Hospital and the Nazis concentration camps, human beings used to be ill-treated, de-humanized and degraded. People became identified by numbers. Thus, these statements sustain the aim of this research, which is determining parallels between the patients of Colônia and the Jews from the Nazis concentration camps.

Keywords : barbarism; holocaust; psychiatric hospital.

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