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SALIM, Anna Luiza Dantas  and  HENRIQUES, Rogério da Silva Paes. Lacanian psychoanalysis and harm reduction: matches and mismatches. Mental [online]. 2021, vol.13, n.23, pp. 4-24. ISSN 1679-4427.

At present, the issue of drug addiction is addressed by various knowledge and practices. The treatments of the deadly enjoyment of drug addiction are also plural and in this article we seek to investigate the relationship between two types of drug addiction treatment: harm reduction and Lacanian psychoanalysis. For the data collection, a narrative literature review was carried out. The Lacanian treatment of drug addiction is structured by the analyst's discourse and by the ethics of desire, which implies in the approach given to the subjetct, not to the identification "drug addict"; in the analyst's abstinence rule, which consists in refusing to exercise mastery over the subject's drug use and in the absence of behavioral prescriptions. Harm reduction has different strategies to alleviate drug-related harm, such as distributing supplies, providing information about safer drug use and listening to users. Harm Reduction has a pedagogical character, seeking to reeducate the enjoyment of individuals, conceived at the level of self and consciousness, based on behavioral guidelines, and uses the suggestion, seeking to directly influence the behavior of the subject in favor of the reduction of damages, by the way of conviction. Harm reduction is linked to the ethics of well-being and to the university discourse. The two types of treatment approach because they do not require abstinence from the subject, and are distanced both by the discourse to which they are bound and by the handling of the transference or use of suggestion.

Keywords : Lacanian Psychoanalysis; Harm Reduction; Discourse; Ethics.

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