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Pensando familias

versão impressa ISSN 1679-494X


SILVA, Marcelo Gonçalves da; PEREIRA, Veronica Aparecida  e  RODRIGUES, Olga Maria Piazentin Rolim. Investigations on motherhood: comparing multiparous and primiparous mothers in mother-baby interaction. Pensando fam. [online]. 2021, vol.25, n.2, pp. 224-238. ISSN 1679-494X.

Motherhood is presented as a process of learning the behavior of caring for children in contexts of women who choose maternity. In this condition, would multiparous mothers have more positive responses when interacting with their babies? To answer this question, we sought to compare the mother-infant interaction between primiparous and multiparous mothers. 65 mother-baby dyads participated in the study (G1: 34 primiparous; G2: 31 multiparous). The Experimental Face-To-Face-Still-Face (FFSF) Paradigm was used to analyze the dyadic interaction with video records of up to nine minutes in three episodes (1 - play; 2 - non-interactive - Still Face; and 3 - meeting). The behaviors were recorded in protocols, categorized as Positive Social Orientation - OSP - and Negative Social Orientation - OSN - for the dyad; and self-regulation - for babies. The averages observed during the FFSF episodes were compared using the Student's t test. There was a significant difference in the OSP category of the play episode, with higher averages for multiparous mothers. Primiparous mothers found it more difficult to resume interaction in the meeting episode. The data confirmed results observed in self-report surveys, indicating that the previous experience of motherhood favors more effective responses both at the beginning of the interaction and at the resumption. Mothering is a learned behavior, therefore, other family members can also develop care behaviors, sharing the joy and the responsibility of parental care.

Palavras-chave : Motherhood; Mother-baby bonding; Family.

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