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MAIA, Edilberto. Psiquiatria biológica, psiquiatria psicodinâmica e a integração bio-psico-social para o sucesso do tratamento. Vínculo [online]. 2012, vol.9, n.2, pp. 33-38. ISSN 1806-2490.

The author begins showing that at the end of the 19th century, the psychiatric patient's exam was held with the same methodology of a regular medical exam. He also shows that in 1913, Jaspers introduced a more humanistic view of the patient, which means coming back to the primitive empathy and to the semiological value of the patient's internal experience. From this point on, Freud influenced psychiatry until the 50s of the last century, when psycopharmachology had a great advance because of the discovery of antipsychotic and tricyclical antidepressive medications. The author shows the develepment of biological psychiatry in the last twenty years, which led it to being close to neurology and psychology. Next, he studies the level of specialization of the brain hemispheres and shows the changes caused by a mental problem called TDAH. He also demonstrates that a biological approach is not enough and that it is dificult to use the DSM and CID classifications. He also studies psychodinamic psychiatry and shows that the psychological treatment aims to stop the repetition compulsion and to turn it into remembrance. As a conclusion, the author emphasizes the necessity of the biopsychosocial integration for the sucess of the treatment.

Palavras-chave : biological psychiatry; brain; psychodynamic psychiatry; repetition; biopsychosocial integration.

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