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OLIVEIRA, Danielly Passos de  and  GOMES, Isabel Cristina. Gender, adolescence and psychoanalysis: the impact of gender relations on the mental health of adolescents in the city of São Paulo. Vínculo [online]. 2019, vol.16, n.2, pp. 110-132. ISSN 1806-2490.

This article results from a qualitative research with ten female adolescents, students from private schools, living in the capital, aged between 14 and 17 years; whose objective was to investigate how they perceived and defined gender - masculinities and femininities - and to understand how the experiences of these relationships resonate in the processes of subjectivation. Semi-structured individual interviews were conducted, on average with 1 hour of duration, being recorded and transcribed. From the analysis of the discourses and psychoanalytic referential, it was found that, for most of them,  perceiving themselves as a woman was to realize a state of alienation or subjective disappropriation, which was expressed in a body that could belong to other (to be violated) and in a force always subject to becoming weak (in the struggles against machismo). The perception of the genre appeared in two ways: a) as a burden, because they feared to suffer sexual violence; claimed they would need to fight more than boys to win a career; suffered from machismo and even were blamed for the violence they were victims. b) by transgression as a posture of coping.

Keywords : Gender; Psychoanalysis; Women; Adolescence; Mental Health.

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