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VANADIA, Laura Natalia. Labor therapy, between the treatment of madness, institutional crisis and professional legitimation in the Open Door of Oliva. Córdoba, Argentina, 1914-1940. Vínculo [online]. 2021, vol.18, n.1, pp. 106-119. ISSN 1806-2490.

ABSTRACT At the beginning of the 20th century, labor therapy was the most widespread therapeutic modality for the treatment of madness within Argentine Open-Door institutions. In the case of the Asilo-Colonia de Alienados de Oliva, historiography revealed that its implementation constituted the axis of institutional functioning, playing a key role in the economic sustainability of the establishment and in the discipline of the patients. However, in the 1930's, the team of psychiatrists from Oliva held an agenda of theoretical exchanges with different colleagues that allowed them to make complex that vision that lacked scientific criteria. Within the framework of the process of disciplinary professionalization, the especialists sought new theoretical references to reconceptualize the technique. The present work analyzes the foundations of the application of therapeutics between 1914-1940, in connection with the processes of professional legitimization of the 1930s. The scientific publications of the establishment's psychiatrists are addressed, deepening the dialogues held with a Brazilian colleague, which, without denying power logics, allow asserting that the foundations of the application of the treatment exceeded disciplinary and economic issues.

Palavras-chave : Labor therapy; Mental health; Asilo Colonia Oliva; History of psychiatry in Argentina; Professionalization processes.

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