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Ciências & Cognição

versão On-line ISSN 1806-5821


ZILIO, Diego. Artificial intelligence and thinking: redefining parameters of Turing's primordial question. Ciênc. cogn. [online]. 2009, vol.14, n.1, pp. 208-218. ISSN 1806-5821.

The first part of the essay presents Turing's fundamental ideas that contributed to development of cognitive science. Since the test based on imitation game has the human being as parameter, it is assumed that, despite his operational definition of thinking, Turing doesn't escape from anthropocentrism. Therefore, formalize human thinking has become the goal of cognitive science influenced by Turing. The possibility of this task is analyzed in the second part of the article, where are also presented the principal characteristics of reasoning in human. The result of this analysis suggests that the formalization of human thinking in machines is a very difficult task, if not an impossible one. However, this result doesn't imply the invalidation of Turing's proposal. Redefining parameters of his test is just what is needed

Palavras-chave : Turing; cognitive science; logics; thinking; reasoning; mental models.

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