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Ciências & Cognição

versión On-line ISSN 1806-5821


ALMADA, Leonardo Ferreira. Implicit non-conscious processes in decision-making: the somatic-marker hypothesis. Ciênc. cogn. [online]. 2012, vol.17, n.1, pp. 105-119. ISSN 1806-5821.

In this paper, we assess the scientific and philosophical foundations of the somatic marker hypothesis (SMH) on the role played by implicit non-conscious processes in decision-making. For this, we will analyze the relationship between our reflexive neural system and our impulsive neural system, emphasizing that the amygdale and the ventromedial prefrontal cortex play a key role in the triggering of affective/emotional states which increase or decrease the speed and accuracy of decision-making processes. This discussion will lead us to examine how somatic states can be driven by primary and/or secondary inducers. This analyze provides an understanding of how emergency or lack of willpower depends on the interaction between the impulsive neural system that triggers somatic states from primary inducers, and the reflective neural system that triggers somatic states from secondary inducers. We conclude that the traditional concept of autonomy needs to be revised even though we are far from being able to support a new concept.© Cien. Cogn. 2012; Vol. 17 (1): 105-119.

Palabras clave : implicit non-conscious processes; reflexive and impulsive systems; primary and secondary inducers; willpower.

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