Estudos e Pesquisas em Psicologia
versão ISSN 1808-4281
The complexity of social reality, the plurality of subjective phenomena, the increasing demand for a effective contribution from academia to daily life, are all factors which indicate that the answers from science are provisional. This work presents a debate on the possible contributions that participant research methodologies bring to studies on subjectivity, supporting the argument against reductionism of scientific thought hegemonic in modernity in three of its fiercest critics - Dostoiéviski novelist, philosopher Nietzsche and the sociologist René Lourau. It problematises the limits of traditional research to the knowledge production and discusses differences and approximations between intervention research and cartography. Both approaches aim to investigate the collective of forces of each researched situation and also change the way of conceiving the researcher and her encounter with the field. They can be considered devices that pursue the complexity and the process. In this perspective, knowledge emerges from the plane of forces that constitute reality, sometimes reinforcing the established and at other times favouring the happenings that bring the new.
Palavras-chave : Research methodology; Cartography; Research-intervention; Complexity; Subjectivation.