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Estudos e Pesquisas em Psicologia

versão On-line ISSN 1808-4281


ROVARIS, Jéssica Aline; GUERRA, Bárbara Trevizan; CALAIS, Sandra Leal  e  NEME, Carmen Maria Bueno. Encopresis and psychological intervention: literature review. Estud. pesqui. psicol. [online]. 2015, vol.15, n.1, pp. 79-93. ISSN 1808-4281.

Studies have shown that encopresis, related to bowel control disorder, can bring significant impact for the individual life, such as low self-esteem and deficits in social interaction. Despite the significant impairment recognized that this disorder can have on child development, the scientific literature has given little attention to the theme, with a low number of publications on the subject. Thus, this paper investigated Brazilian publications in psychology related to encopresis between 1994 and 2013 in data base Lilacs and Scielo. 231 articles were found and were selected those that reported only intervention in encopresis. There were five articles and four published by the same journal and described behavioral interventions, and one author wrote three. The other one was psychoanalytic. The surveys were conducted with children and adolescents and behavioral interventions have been successful with remission of encopresis symptoms. The data affirm the deficiency in publications in the area and possibly limited number of psychologists investigating the issue, which is of significant importance.

Palavras-chave : encopresis; intervention; child development.

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