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Estudos e Pesquisas em Psicologia

On-line version ISSN 1808-4281


FACCIOLI, Juliana Sarantopoulos; JUSTINO, Florença Lucia Coelho  and  SCHELINI, Patrícia Waltz. Preparation of technique to evaluate the adults in counterfactual thinking. Estud. pesqui. psicol. [online]. 2015, vol.15, n.1, pp. 196-217. ISSN 1808-4281.

The counterfactual thinking are mental modifications to past events and may produce beneficial or aversive consequences. This kind of thinking is associated with cognitive processes such as problem solving, decision making, coping skills, among others, and can help to understand specific groups such as depressive, schizophrenic and victims of violence. In Brazil, studies on this type of thinking are very scarce, and there are no materials available for easy recall. The aim of this study was to develop and evaluate a material to access the counterfactual thinking in adults. Participated five graduated students, trained to evaluate the material and the alternatives of modifications to reality. The agreement between the judges was paired with the original proposal of the researchers. After the first evaluation, seven of 24 alternatives reached satisfactory level of agreement, requiring four evaluations performed up to this index in all alternatives. At the end, the material consisted of five stories, followed by questions of free modifications and alternatives of modification in the story. Considering the high concordance among the judges at the end of the evaluations, it was deemed the material adequate to assess counterfactual thinking in adults.

Keywords : imagination; counterfactual thinking; assessment.

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