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Estudos e Pesquisas em Psicologia

On-line version ISSN 1808-4281


CUNICO, Sabrina Daiana; BRASIL, Marina Valentim  and  BARCINSKI, Mariana. The motherhood in the imprisonment context: a systematic review. Estud. pesqui. psicol. [online]. 2015, vol.15, n.2, pp. 509-528. ISSN 1808-4281.

This study was aimed at carrying out a systematic review based on international database of published articles between 2003 and 2014. The results proved the coexistence of studies which linked conservative ideals associated to motherhood, to those which questioned the difference between the ideological view of motherhood and the various losses and problems which make up the real life of women deprived of freedom. According to the reviewed studies, it seems evident to us that motherhood in the context of imprisonment takes a new and distinct shape from that lived out of prison. Although motherhood is important, we question the exclusive focus on this aspect of female identity when talking about the possibilities of incarcerated women's rehabilitation. By focusing solely on motherhood, prison institutions reinforce gender stereotypes of the broader society, understanding women only as mothers. In this sense, we draw attention to the importance for rehabilitation efforts to consider other spheres in these women's lives, such as work and education, in order to promote the emancipation and autonomy of women post-incarceration.

Keywords : gender; prison; motherhood.

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