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Estudos e Pesquisas em Psicologia

On-line version ISSN 1808-4281


CARMO, Paulo Henrique Barbosa do; ALVARENGA, Patrícia  and  LINS, Taiane Costa de Souza. Beliefs of mothers from different socioeconomic levels about physical punishment and deprivation of privileges. Estud. pesqui. psicol. [online]. 2016, vol.16, n.3, pp. 911-929. ISSN 1808-4281.

This study compared the beliefs of mothers from different socioeconomic levels about two types of coercive socialization practices: physical punishment and deprivation of privileges. Participants in the study were 40 mothers of children of both sexes, aged 5 to 6 years. Twenty mothers belonged to low socioeconomic status, and twenty mothers belonged to medium/high socioeconomic status according to Hollingshead. The mothers answered a structured interview regarding beliefs about coercive practices, and their answers were submitted to content analysis. The only significant difference between the two groups showed that mothers from middle/high socioeconomic status had a higher frequency of beliefs in the efficacy of deprivation of privileges. The possible effects of the widespread debate about the disadvantages of physical punishment and other coercive practices on maternal beliefs are discussed.

Keywords : mothers; beliefs; socialization; punishment; privileges.

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