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Estudos e Pesquisas em Psicologia

On-line version ISSN 1808-4281


ORMENO, Gabriela Reyes; SANTINI, Paolla Magioni  and  WILLIAMS, Lúcia Cavalcanti de Albuquerque. Risk and protective factors experienced by incarcerated mothers in life. Estud. pesqui. psicol. [online]. 2017, vol.17, n.2, pp. 514-534. ISSN 1808-4281.

This study aimed at describing the profile of incarcerated mothers and identifying risk and protective factors experienced throughout their lives. A semi-structured interview was conducted in prisons and penitentiaries of São Paulo State with 152 incarcerated mothers. Such sample showed an incarcerated mother's profile as young, Afro-Brazilian, single, with three children, with low-income and educational level, and committed drug trafficking. The following risk factors were identified: a) in childhood: exposure to domestic violence between parents; child maltreatment in which corporal punishment was the most common modality; and imprisonment of a family member; b) in adulthood: intimate partner violence; having incarcerated relatives; abusive use of alcohol, tobacco and illicit drugs; and suicide attempts. Only one protective factor in childhood was reported: a caregiver who appreciated them positively, making them feels special.

Keywords : risk; protection; inmates; women; mothers.

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