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Estudos e Pesquisas em Psicologia

On-line version ISSN 1808-4281


SILVA, Thaciana Araujo da  and  CAVALCANTE, Lília Iêda Chaves. Children's social skills: comparison by gender, age and school characteristics. Estud. pesqui. psicol. [online]. 2017, vol.17, n.2, pp. 616-634. ISSN 1808-4281.

Social skills can vary over an individual's development because of personal and school characteristics. This study examined whether there are differences in means between social skill in two groups of children according to gender, age, school year, the presence of learning disabilities and behavior problems. Participants included 81 children between the ages of six and twelve, elementary school students and nine teachers. The Multimedia Social Skills Inventory of Children- Del Prette (IMHSC-Del Prette) was used. The results indicated that children between the ages of six and eight years old and students in the second year of school are likely to present lower mean social skills compared to those between nine and twelve, who were in the third to fifth school year. There were no significant differences for learning difficulties and behavior problems. It is pointed out that age and school year were predictive of the presence of low social skills for the sample investigated, however it is necessary to know the characteristics of the children's development context because it's understand that cultural patterns of relationships influence the presence or absence of adequate social repertoire. Other measures of behavioral evaluation should be applied in future research in the researched context.

Keywords : social skills; children; students.

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