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Estudos e Pesquisas em Psicologia

versão On-line ISSN 1808-4281


LIMA, Carolina Palmeiro  e  SERRALTA, Fernanda Barcellos. Associations between therapeutic alliance, parental bonding and symptomatology in adult patients beginning psychotherapy. Estud. pesqui. psicol. [online]. 2017, vol.17, n.3, pp. 1181-1199. ISSN 1808-4281.

The Therapeutic Alliance (TA) is a key-variable for the process change, and it's affected by therapist's and patients' factors. This study investigated the relationship between TA, parental bonding and symptomatology in patients in psychoanalytic psychotherapy. Fifty-seven adult participants were examined between the 4th and the 5th session of the treatment with assessments of TA, child and adolescence parental bonding and psychopathological symptoms. Positive associations between TA and "mother care" and negative associations between "mother overprotection" and TA were found. Also, significant differences were found in TA and the mother's parenting styles "optimal parenting" and "affectionless control". TA and symptoms were not associated. However, several symptoms had positive associations with father overprotection. Results indicate that TA is related with the parental bonding history and that this history is related with patients' current clinical condition, showing the complexity of the processes that occur in psychotherapy.

Palavras-chave : psychotherapy; TA; relationship; bonding; symptomatology.

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