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Estudos e Pesquisas em Psicologia

On-line version ISSN 1808-4281


MENDES, Deise Maria Leal Fernandes; SANT'ANNA, Joana Lezan  and  RAMOS, Dandara de Oliveira. Parent's Goals of Socialization about Emotions: An Exploratory Study. Estud. pesqui. psicol. [online]. 2019, vol.19, n.3, pp. 686-703. ISSN 1808-4281.

Studying parental socialization goals allows us to understand the characteristics of sociocultural contexts and its impacts on child development. In order to analyze such goals in mothers and fathers and its relationship with their values regarding autonomy and relatedness, an exploratory study was conducted in which we interviewed 60 mother-father couples of children up to three years of age, living in the city of Rio de Janeiro. Interview responses were analyzed by a content analysis technique and, subsequently, emission frequencies were calculated for the identified categories and descriptive statistical procedures and association tests between groups were employed. Results showed that the emotional characteristics that the parents desired for their children as adults valued autonomy, independence and emotional self-confidence, with the conditions for child development mostly centered in contextual factors. The most frequently reported parental behavior was involvement in education/guidance towards their child developmental goals. No differences were found between mothers and fathers, neither between parents of girls or boys regarding any of the variables analyzed. Further studies are suggested covering different family configurations, with participants of varying levels of education and in other socio-cultural contexts.

Keywords : socialization goals; emotional development; parenting; autonomy.

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