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Estudos e Pesquisas em Psicologia

versão On-line ISSN 1808-4281


SILVA, Diego Rodrigues; LERNER, Rogerio  e  KUPFER, Maria Cristina Machado. Depression in Parents of Children with Physical Disabilities: A Literature Review from 2013 to 2018. Estud. pesqui. psicol. [online]. 2020, vol.20, n.2, pp. 559-578. ISSN 1808-4281.

Baby's early years are sensitive periods when parent's availability is necessary for the children development. Studies indicate that the physical disability detection in a child increases the parent risk for depression. Thus, highlighting its causes and consequences for the parents and for the quality of the bond with their children is fundamental to provide the necessary care for these families. This research reviews and discusses the literature on depression in parents of children with physical disabilities in the last five years. The terms "disability", "depression", "parents" and "physical disability" were used at the PsycNET, Scopus, Web of Science, BVS and PEP-Web. 20 publications were selected. The results revealed that quantitative and cross-sectional studies predominate, as well as the study of variations due to the severity of the disability. When the depression is detected, it is predominantly scored as moderate, and singular aspects, as guilt and remorse, controlling its probability of occurrence. Few studies have shown how parental distress can increase the degree of motor disability. In conclusion, the time elapsed after the disability disclosure seems a remarkable factor, to which other variables are associated, such as the reactions to the diagnosis, and elaboration modes. Further longitudinal research is needed to support it.

Palavras-chave : physically disabled; depression (emotion); parent child relations.

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