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Estudos e Pesquisas em Psicologia

versão On-line ISSN 1808-4281


MARANGONI, Pedro Henrique Santos Decanini  e  VERISSIMO, Danilo Saretta. Self-awareness in Aron Gurwitsch's Theory: Position and Criticism. Estud. pesqui. psicol. [online]. 2020, vol.20, n.spe, pp. 1128-1148. ISSN 1808-4281.

The aim of this paper is to present and discuss how the Lithuanian philosopher Aron Gurwitsch conceives the role of self-awareness and bodily self-awareness within his theory of the field of consciousness. At first, we present the dimensions of the field of consciousness highlighting the organizational principles that are at stake in the integration between the different structures of conscious experience. This contextualization allows us to understand the position occupied by self-awareness in what the philosopher calls the "margin" of consciousness, a domain of experience characterized by "irrelevance" or indifference in relation to the thematic presentation - of the object of attention. In a second step, we will focus on describing the self-awareness of the embodied dimension of existence, with the purpose of evaluating the criteria that allow Gurwitsch to qualify bodily self-awareness under the rubric of the concept of "irrelevance". In the end, we outline an alternative to Gurwitsch's position drawn from contemporary criticisms of phenomenology and cognitive sciences to the author's approach.

Palavras-chave : Aron Gurwitsch; self-awareness; marginal consciousness; field of consciousness.

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