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Estudos e Pesquisas em Psicologia

versão On-line ISSN 1808-4281


CASTRO, Fernando Gastal de; RESENDE, André Diogo  e  GABRIEL, Mariana. Contributions of Existential Psychoanalysis to Clinical Practice: Theoretical and Methodological Indications. Estud. pesqui. psicol. [online]. 2020, vol.20, n.spe, pp. 1331-1348. ISSN 1808-4281.

The aim of this article is to contribute theoretical and methodological contributions from existential psychoanalysis to clinical practice based on Jean-Paul Sartre's existentialism and phenomenology. At first, we will lay out the main outlines of existential psychoanalysis in comparison with the Freudian perspective, focusing on the concepts of desire, project, repression and situation, supporting existential psychoanalysis as a clinic of situations. Subsequently, we dedicate ourselves to the presentation of a clinical case, in order to make the methodological contributions of the progressive-regressive method and purifying reflection more concrete. We will try to show, in this sense, the pertinence of a methodological perspective that reaches the singular lived, crossed by the multiple forms of violence of the social universe that produce traumatic situations, as well as the possibilities of metamorphosis of the existential project. In our final remarks, we highlight the challenges of a clinical practice in dealing with the dialectic between the social universe, in which forms of violence increase, and the uniqueness of the existential project in the fight against its determinations and eager to transform itself.

Palavras-chave : existential psychoanalysis; clinic of situations; existentialism; phenomenology.

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