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Revista Brasileira de Terapias Cognitivas

versão impressa ISSN 1808-5687versão On-line ISSN 1982-3746


PENIDO, Maria Amelia et al. Using theater of the oppressed in group treatment for social anxiety disorder. Rev. bras.ter. cogn. [online]. 2014, vol.10, n.1, pp. 29-37. ISSN 1808-5687.

The Theatre of the Oppressed (TO) was created by Augusto Boal in the 1960's. It is a set of techniques, theater games, and exercises, that aims to put theater at the service of social transformation. Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD) is considered to be a serious disorder, of chronic course, that can lead to incapacity. Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is considered to be the most effective treatment for SAD. The objective of this research was to develop a structured psychological treatment for SAD, combining group CBT with techniques of TO and having those results compared with a stand-by list control group. Thirty-five patients that participated in the treatment, and twenty-one individuals from the stand-by list, were evaluated. The evaluations occurred one month prior to the beginning of the therapy, at the end of the therapy, one month after the therapy. The protocol had eighteen sessions of two hours each. The sessions happened twice a week and the instruments used in the research were the Beck Depression Inventory, the Beck Anxiety Inventory, the Social Phobia Anxiety Inventory (SPAI), the Fear of Negative Evaluation (FNE), and Self-Esteem Scale. The results found showed a significant statistical difference between the control group and the experimental group, all instruments considered. The experimental group improved in a significant way while the control group did not. The results indicate that the proposed protocol was more effective than the passage of time.

Palavras-chave : social anxiety; cognitive-behavior therapy; group therapy.

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