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Revista Brasileira de Terapias Cognitivas

versão impressa ISSN 1808-5687versão On-line ISSN 1982-3746


CARVALHO, Marina Alexandra Diogo  e  MATOS, Maria Margarida Gaspar de. Psychosocial interventions in crisis, emergency and catastrophe. Rev. bras.ter. cogn. [online]. 2016, vol.12, n.2, pp. 116-125. ISSN 1808-5687.

Psychosocial interventions in crisis, emergency and catastrophe situations evidenced controlling for the impact of critical incidents and prevent trauma related disorders. In this paper, the main psychosocial intervention models are described and presented their advantages, limitations and data on their efficacy. Based on this, we propose a Continuity Psychosocial Intervention Model, which includes, among others, a preparation phase for the occurrence of possible critical incidents, and, specifically, after-crisis intervention, before the implementation of the specialized interventions directed to Acute Stress and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders, as a way of facilitating recovery and return to the previous functioning level. In this context, we present as Intervention Program, APÓS, based on cognitive-behavioral, contextual and meaning centered models, which is expected to contribute for facilitating the return to routines by those exposed to critical incidents and, thereby, prevent trauma related disorders. Finally, the limitations and ethical issues associated to crisis psychosocial intervention in different contexts, with different vulnerable populations, and its implications for the development of public health policies, are presented.

Palavras-chave : Critical incidents; Crisis intervention; Post-traumatic stress.

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