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Arquivos Brasileiros de Psicologia

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BRANCO, Lucrecia Paula Corbella Castelo. The constitution of subjectivity from Sartre and Pirandello. Arq. bras. psicol. [online]. 2011, vol.63, n.3, pp. 31-44. ISSN 1809-5267.

This article aims to examine, through the works Nausea by Jean-Paul Sartre and The deceased Mattia Pascal by Luigi Pirandello, how literature, understood as the overall work of an author, can be a way of understanding the constitution of subjectivity. Philosopher Sartre analyzes the relationship between man and the world through the "concrete" man and his living experience. For playwright Pirandello, people make masks to relate to one another. Central to the philosophical question for Sartre, as well as for Pirandello, is subjectivity, which for both is constituted from an adversarial relationship between man and society. Producing literature is affirming a singularity in a given historical context in which the writer and the reader communicate through an exercise in freedom.

Keywords : Subjectivity; Literature; Sartre; Pirandello.

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