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Arquivos Brasileiros de Psicologia

versión On-line ISSN 1809-5267


SBICIGO, Juliana Burges; ABAID, Josiane Lieberknecht Wathier; DELL'AGLIO, Débora Dalbosco  y  SALLES, Jerusa Fumagalli de. Socioeconomic status and executive function in children/adolescents: systematic review. Arq. bras. psicol. [online]. 2013, vol.65, n.1, pp. 51-69. ISSN 1809-5267.

This study aimed to systematize evidences about the socioeconomic status (SES) in the development of executive functions (EF) tasks. The search for articles, from 2000 to 2011, was carried out in the following databases: ISI Web of Knowledge, Scopus, PsycINFO, Pubmed, Science Direct, EBSCOand BVS-PSI. Nineteen articles were selected based on previously established criteria. Methodological characteristics were analyzed concerning the presence of a representative sample, inclusion criteria, control of confounding factors and size effect. SES influenced the development of EF in 17 studies, and the magnitude of differences among groups related to SES generally varied between moderated and weak according to the executive function and age. The relationship between socioeconomic variables and executive functions in childhood/adolescence is discussed, as well as the relevance of future studies with methodological rigor.

Palabras clave : Executive functions; Executive control; Socioeconomic status; Neuropsychology; Cognition.

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