SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

vol.66 issue1The subject of psychoanalysis is not disembodiedOverexcitability instruments: a systematic review author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Arquivos Brasileiros de Psicologia

On-line version ISSN 1809-5267


SAUR, Adriana Martins  and  LOUREIRO, Sonia Regina. Behavioral and emotional problems of schoolchildren according to gender. Arq. bras. psicol. [online]. 2014, vol.66, n.1, pp. 102-116. ISSN 1809-5267.

The aim of this study was to investigate mental health problems, including behavioral and emotional problems, in a cohort of schoolchildren according to gender and to assess the associations of family characteristics and behavioral performance for boys and girls. Data from 677 children born in Ribeirão Preto (SP), Brazil, when they were 10/11 years old was available. The mental health assessment was performed using the Brazilian version of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. Results showed that the prevalence rates for boys and girls were, respectively: 41.7% and 34.5% for total difficulties score, 50.4% and 57.6% for emotional symptoms, 31.2% and 18.8% for hyperactivity, 38.8% and 27.6% for conduct problems, 27.1% and 26.7% for peer problems and, 4.7% and 2.7% for prosocial behavior. The family characteristics associated with behavioral problems were low socioeconomic status for boys and low maternal education and families with more than four members for girls.

Keywords : Mental health; Child behavior; Gender and health; Cohort studies.

        · abstract in Portuguese | Spanish     · text in English     · English ( pdf )