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Arquivos Brasileiros de Psicologia

On-line version ISSN 1809-5267


SOUZA, Camila  and  MOREIRA, Virginia. Sadness, depression and melancholic suicide: the relationship with the Other. Arq. bras. psicol. [online]. 2018, vol.70, n.2, pp. 173-185. ISSN 1809-5267.

Suicide is a complex phenomenon, which encompasses several spheres of the subject's life through psychological, biological, cultural, and existential aspects. Among the factors associated with suicide, the relation with mental disorders stands out in 90% of cases, and the most frequent psychiatric condition is depression, a disease that spreads rapidly around the globe. This article aims to discuss the differences between sadness, depression and melancholy from the perspective of the French author Arthur Tatossian, describing the relationship that the depressive individual establishes with the Other as a form of distancing from the world, leading him to suicide. We conclude that the paradox that emerges in the suicidal experience in melancholic depression can be accessed through a clinical perspective that considers the multiple possibilities of being of the depressive individual, which make up their lived world through an intersubjective relationship with the Other.

Keywords : Sadness; Depression; Melancholy; Suicide; Clinical phenomenology.

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