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Revista da Abordagem Gestáltica

versão impressa ISSN 1809-6867


FORGHIERI, Yolanda Cintrão. O aconselhamento terapêutico na atualidade. Rev. abordagem gestalt. [online]. 2007, vol.13, n.1, pp. 125-133. ISSN 1809-6867.

The Therapeutical Counseling, also called Psychological Counseling, consists of an interpersonal relationship of existential aid, whose origin retraces the Antiquity, in the “cure for the word” introduced and practiced by the philosopher Empedocles and adopted by other philosophers after it, and for doctors when these had appeared. It had fast evolution from century XX, mainly after each one of the great world-wide wars, when it passed to be practiced by many educational and professional people who orientates, and nurses, to take care of the existential necessity helping the numerous shaken people, for which the amount of psychiatrists and psychotherapists was not enough. From 1950 it was recognized for the scientific community as an efficient interpersonal therapeutical relationship, next, but different of the psychotherapy. It passed, then, to be influenced by some psychological approaches, like the phenomenological. Based on this, the beddings and the practical of Counseling are presented, that consists of two basic moments: the existential evolvement and the reflective distance, that are complementary and reciprocally reversible.

Palavras-chave : Therapeutical counseling; Existential aid; Phenomenological approach; Human existence.

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